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Digital Earth Africa supports the Sustainable Development Goals

Digital Earth Africa Services and Tools for Sustainable Development Goals


The Sustainable Development Goals represent a data-driven, evidence-based approach to sustainable development (The CEOS Earth Observation Handbook Special 2018 Edition). The aim of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) framework is to end poverty, improve health and education, reduce inequality, design sustainable cities, support economic growth, tackle climate change and leave no one behind (Andries et al. 2022). The purpose of the Global Indicator Framework is to provide means by which to measure, monitor and report progress made in the implementation of the SDGs and their respective targets, for the follow up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Global Indicator Framework is designed around 232 SDG Indicators.

Earth Observation data is an essential tool in the development of the information required by many of the SDG Indicators given its cost-effectiveness pertaining to data acquisition on all scales and information richness. (The CEOS Earth Observation Handbook Special 2018 Edition), (Ferreira, B., Iten, M. & Silva, R.G. 2020).

Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) hosts data, services and Jupyter Notebooks that can be used to address real world problems and contribute to the Global Indicator Framework.

Sustainable Development Indicators that Digital Earth Africa Notebooks contribute to

The notebooks linked below demonstrate how DE Africa data and services can be used to support Sustainable Development Goals.

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Goal 2:

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

Indicator 2.4.1 Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture

Indicator 2.c.1 Indicator of food price anomalies

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Goal 6:

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

Indicator 6.3.2 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality

Indicator 6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources

Indicator 6.6.1 Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time

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Goal 9:

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

Indicator 9.1.1 Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season

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Goal 11:

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

Indicator 11.1.1 Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Indicator 11.3.1 Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate

Indicator 11.7.1 Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

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Goal 13:

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.

Indicator 13.1.1 Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population

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Goal 14:

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Indicator 14.1.1 (a) Index of coastal eutrophication; and (b) plastic debris density

Indicator 14.5.1 Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas

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Goal 15:

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, manage sustainably forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Indicator 15.1.1 Forest area as a proportion of total land area

Indicator 15.1.2 Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

Indicator 15.3.1 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

Indicator 15.4.2 Mountain Green Cover Index